Here are a few resources on Instruction & Learning that resonate with me.

PIDP 3250 – Trends and Roles Blog: Hybrid Delivery Systems in Education
Joel’s articles:
The Hybrid Online Manual: Good Practice
Tips for Faculty Designing a Blended Learning Course
Faculty Cyber Connections Online Module Design
Evaluation of Online Courses
Robin’s articles
HMC 2014 Horizon Report for Higher Education

Self-Directed Learning and the Adult Learner: compiled by Martha Yan


  • Characteristics of adult learners: mature and self-directed, practical and results-oriented, intrinsically-motivated and with high-expectation, slower-learning but learning deeper, having rich experiences and multi-level responsibility.
  • Adults learn best in a democratic, participatory and collaborative environment. Adults need to be actively involved in determining how and what they will learn, and they need active, not passive, learning experiences.
  • Being a self-directed learner means that a person is able understand for himself what he needs in order to learn, go about obtaining what he needs, and do what it takes to learn new things.
  • If the instructor can demonstrate that the learning is relevant and useful (thanks for that great little clip Doug) to the learner, within the context of the meaning that the learner ascribes to it, then the adult learner is likely to be more self-directed. The only way the instructor can be confident that the teaching strategies are relevant and useful, is to know the audience; to know what, why and how the learner needs to learn.
  • “The heutagogical approach can be viewed as a progression from pedagogy to andragogy to heutagogy, with learners likewise progressing in maturity and autonomy. More mature learners require less instructor control and course structure and can be more self-directed in their learning, while less mature learners require more in­structor guidance and course scaffolding.
  • While an individual can be a Self-directed learner (they can memorize & regurgitate the info), they may not be self-regulated i.e. able to apply and implement what they have learned. Self-regulated learning involves more than a detailed knowledge of skill; it involves the self-awareness, self motivation and behavioral skill to implement that knowledge appropriately.
  • The self-directed learner means that the learner has a goal, and/or a willingness to manage his or her learning. A self-regulated learner, on the other hand, performs self-management of his or her learning but is not necessarily autonomous in setting the goal/direction.
  • Today’s educators are expected to play many different roles: a learner, a facilitator,  a coach, a mentor, a lecturer, a supporter, a curator, a convenor, a role model, a leader, a coordinator, and an organizer. These roles need to be adjusted to different learning subjects, contents or situations as well as to different learners.


Resources  (with the link to the website)

Andragogy (

Adult Learning Theory and Principles (

8 Important Characteristics Of Adult Learners (

Heutagogy Community of Practice (

Teaching Learners to be Self-directed (

Heutagogy and Lifelong Learning: A Review of Heutagogical Practice and Self-determined Learning (

What is a self-directed learner? (

Know your audience (

Pedagogy, andragogy and heutagogy compared (


21st Century Schools – Pedagogy Must Give Way to Andragogy (

Flow – A Measure of Student Engagement (

Heutagogy 101 (

The Metamorphoses of Andragogy (

Pedagogy vs. Andragogy: A False Dichotomy? (

Encouraging Self-Regulated Learning in the Classroom:
A Review of the Literature (

Self-directed Learner VS Self-regulated Learner ()

The Role of the Educator (

What it Means to be a Self-Regulated Learner (

The Role of the Educator (



Self-worth theory ( )

10 Characteristics of Adult Learners ( )

Andragogy (Adult Learning) ( )

Pedagogy, Andragogy & Heutagogy ( )

Andragogy VS Pedagogy ( )

Enjoy! Thanks!

Martha Yan



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